Science science

American police kill, on average, 2.8 men per day. Black and Latino men are at higher risk for death than are White men. Police were responsible for about 8% of all homicides with adult male victims between 2012 and 2018.

American police kill, on average, 2.8 men per day. Black and Latino men are at higher risk for de...

.00003

.0003

Worth calling out that there are 4 0s before the 3 in US, and 4 in the France. Might not be totally obvious to everyone.

Still remarkable that it is a perfect 10th.

edit typo

Also important to remember that the rate of interactions to homicides is highest for whites. You can't determine anything from these facts, but the original title alone has no context.

I'd say it's more due to the numbers used for US population estimate being exactly 5 times the population estimate of France. Using round numbers like this makes coincidences much more likely since it eliminates a lot of prime factors that would make the ratio more complicated.

PubMed link is https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=30024797

Objectives. To estimate the risk of mortality from police homicide by race/ethnicity and place in the United States.

Methods. We used novel data on police-involved fatalities and Bayesian models to estimate mortality risk for Black, Latino, and White men for all US counties by Census division and metropolitan area type.

Results. Police kill, on average, 2.8 men per day. Police were responsible for about 8% of all homicides with adult male victims between 2012 and 2018. Black men’s mortality risk is between 1.9 and 2.4 deaths per 100 000 per year, Latino risk is between 0.8 and 1.2, and White risk is between 0.6 and 0.7.

Conclusions. Police homicide risk is higher than suggested by official data. Black and Latino men are at higher risk for death than are White men, and these disparities vary markedly across place.

Public Health Implications. Homicide reduction efforts should consider interventions to reduce the use of lethal force by police. Efforts to address unequal police violence should target places with high mortality risk. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print July 19, 2018: e1–e8. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2018.304559)

Cannabidiol (CBD), a compound from cannabis that does not make you high, has been repeatedly demonstrated to treat drug and alcohol addiction

Cannabidiol (CBD), a compound from cannabis that does not make you high, has been repeatedly demonstrated to treat drug and alcohol addiction
Cannabidiol (CBD), a compound from cannabis that does not make you high, has been repeatedly demo...
Cannabidiol (CBD), a compound from cannabis that does not make you high, has been repeatedly demonstrated to treat drug and alcohol addiction
Cannabidiol (CBD), a compound from cannabis that does not make you high, has been repeatedly demo...

Recreational state resident and daily CBD imbiber:

I dislike statments that say CBD doesn’t get you high. It may not get you high like THC but it definitely has a notable relaxing effect. My issue is that there’s an implication that dosing with CBD leaves you stone sober which is not accurate. I support CBD and it’s usage but I also support telling the full story.

Edit: The closest thing I would compare CBD’s effects to is Xanax.

Edit 2: mg for mg, Xanax is far more powerful than CBD. I only referenced it because it was the closest comparison I’ve experienced.

Which is why more any more states in the US are allowing its sell.

Not saying you’re wrong, but I disagree entirely. I have used CBD on a near daily basis for the last 6 months and do not experience any sort of noticeable cognitive effects. Are you using hemp-derived or cannabis-derived CBD?

Scientists reverse aging-associated skin wrinkles and hair loss in a mouse model, by turning off the gene responsible for mitochondrial dysfunction that can drive age-related diseases.

Scientists reverse aging-associated skin wrinkles and hair loss in a mouse model, by turning off the gene responsible for mitochondrial dysfunction that can drive age-related diseases.
Scientists reverse aging-associated skin wrinkles and hair loss in a mouse model, by turning off ...

Thanks OP for posting the paper’s abstract.

I have three issues:

1-I know these “science for non-scientist” articles go to great lengths to simplify complicated work, but goddammit, if the entire finding is related to a single gene PLEASE include the name of the gene somewhere in your 1000word lay-person article. It’ll take up <5 characters and will tell us a ton about the actual finding.

2-They did not identify some random gene as a way to cure wrinkles. They essentially knocked out mitochondrial function. If you remember your HS biology you know the “mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell”. They essentially removed a critical gene for mitochondrial maintenance. This is akin to preventing your local nuclear power plant from doing any maintenance on itself and then being surprised when the power output for the local community is reduced...and the city suffers because they don’t have enough power.

[They knocked out PolG, a gene which mitochondria use to replicate their own DNA. Your mitos have their own tiny (~16,500) genome but it lives inside the mitochondria and is bathed in toxic free radicals. As such, a ton of maintenance needs to be done on that DNA as it’s constantly damaged. These mice couldn’t do that and recovered when they were allowed to do the maintenance]

2-The journalist completely fucked up this simplification while the paper’s abstract is very clear on what is new and what is old news.

Hurry the fuck up please.

The interesting part is that it points to mitochondrial dysfunction as a direct cause of skin wrinkles and hair loss. It doesn't assert that PolG failure is the exact cause of the skin wrinkles and hair loss associated with aging, but it does strongly indicate that some type of mitochondrial dysfunction may well be what is causing aging-related skin wrinkles and hair loss.

Actually it won't really even be that. Mitochondrial dysfunction is one issue among many that causes cells to suffer critical damage and go into an aged state(senescent state). So in their tests they said, "if we induce this problem and then fix the one we caused then all aging goes away". But in a normally aging creature this would only be a contributing factor to aging and therefore only fix part of the problem.

If anyone is interested in reading more on what causes aging I found this paper to be a pretty good overview of the foremost theory. It's technical, but fairly accessible to the layman imo.

Clean, green public spaces make us happier, study finds

Clean, green public spaces make us happier, study finds

How the fuck is this news?!?

Not being surrounded by trash makes us happier, study finds

Did we all not play enough SIMS to know this already?

"Clean" is the key. Not blanketed in dog poop, my dear fellow neighbors.

Terror attacks by Muslims receive 357% more press attention, study finds

Terror attacks by Muslims receive 357% more press attention, study finds

Terrorist attacks committed by Muslim extremists receive 357% more US press coverage than those committed by non-Muslims, according to new research from the University of Alabama. The researchers controlled for factors like target type, number of fatalities, and whether or not the perpetrators were arrested before reaching their final statistic.

Terrorist attacks committed by non-Muslims (or where the religion was unknown) received an average of 15 headlines, while those committed by Muslim extremists received 105 headlines.

The findings, which are illustrated below, were based on all terrorist attacks in the US between 2006 and 2015 according to the Global Terrorism Database. The disparity in media coverage is particularly out of sync with the reality given that white and rightwing terrorists carried out nearly as many terrorist attacks as Muslim extremists between 2008 and 2016.

Cutting out the rest of the world is rather strange, considering there were a lot more terrorist attacks elsewhere.

It's almost like Islamic terrorists really got the attention of the American people with that whole 9/11 thing.

I think it’s because this study was only looking for one specific detail relating to terrorism within the U.S. It’s undeniable that the vast majority of terrorism globally is done in the name of Islam.

The study isn’t super surprising either, after 9/11 the whole “middle eastern terrorist” stereotype was created and news outlets tend to focus on sensational stereotypes the public is drawn to

The rate of 12th grade students who reported lifetime abstinence from substance use increased from 5% in 1976 to 26% in 2014, and the rate of those who said they didn't have any substance use within the previous month rose from 23% to 52%.

The rate of 12th grade students who reported lifetime abstinence from substance use increased fro...

Staying home and playing video games with your friends on discord is much easier than going out, plus you get to avoid the guilt and paranoia of doing anything illegal.

Breaking News: Kids today feel 52% more confident lying to adults.

And there lies the problem with studies that rely on self reporting. When I was in school I was one of the few non-drug users, mostly everyone else was taking ecstasy/ weird blends of drugs they didn't fully understand/ illegally obtained pharmaceuticals. But maybe the early 2000's were just a fluke, right?

I wonder how many of these kids have prescriptions for Adderall?

Work less, get more: New Zealand firm's four-day week an 'unmitigated success' - Reduced hours (8 working hours, 4 working days) for same pay increased work-life balance by 24%, cutting stress levels and boosting commitment

Work less, get more: New Zealand firm's four-day week an 'unmitigated success' - Reduced hours (8...

Super interesting. To me it essentially boils down to trusting your staff. You're saying "look, if you work really hard, I know you can get all your work done in fewer hours. Just get it done proper and really give it your all and so long as the company still makes the same amount of money, take that day off." If the company retreats on its performance this will obviously be removed so it really is on the staff now to make it work, which is such great motivation. I wouldnt be surprised if productivity actually increased overall.

Always be most suspicious of evidence which confirms the conclusion you want.

Seems to me like 4x8 hours makes a lot more sense than 5x6. I'm pretty sure you can get at least 25% more work done in 8 hours than in 6, and a day off gives you a lot more options than 2 hours every day. You will most likely still end up spending most of those 2 hours on the couch. Additionally you're wasting less time traveling to work so you end up freeing up about the same amount of time while working more hours.

In other words, seems to me like you can do at least as much work in four 8 hour days as in five 6 hour days while perceiving it as having much more free time.

To me it essentially boils down to trusting your staff. If the company retreats on its performance this will obviously be removed so it really is on the staff now to make it work, which is such great motivation.

This is a pretty poignant summary. :)

Fossil fuel industry spent nearly $2 billion to kill U.S. climate action, new study finds.

Fossil fuel industry spent nearly $2 billion to kill U.S. climate action, new study finds.

With the amount of coverage we see in the main stream media, I'd say it worked. Everyone has been bought off. Keep in mind most of the people making these decisions for us wont be on the planet that much longer themselves.

That's what frustrates me the most. My parents and many of their friends don't care enough about what's happening to justify a littke more cost and effort. I may not be around for when things get really bad, but my son will be. I can't afford to be complacent for his sake. Being well into adulthood, I guess I've lost that protective parental bond from my parents.

It's odd isn't it? The US used to gain so much national pride from being the leading technology nation, and celebrated the standards of living and personal freedom technology enabled.

But now there are masses of people actively proclaiming that their freedom is threatened by calls to move away from 100 year old energy infrastructure.

It's frightening how real these issues are to these people.. There is a deep seated emotional link there that overrides any logical argument, like religious fundamentalism.

Meanwhile we've been making medieval middle eastern nations rich through oil dependency, and sitting on that pile of cash they secretly fund hardline factions that we then spend megabucks and actual lives fighting, in unwinnable conflicts.

The irony is that there is so much actual freedom, independence and national security to be gained from switching the economy lo locally produced high tech energy, and transportation away from oil. Sure there are regions where this gets difficult but isn't that where technological innovation can do its best work?

America: The greatest country at destroying the world

Since legalizing cannabis in 2012, crime clearance rates are increasing faster in Washington and Colorado than the rest of country, suggesting that legalization may free police to focus on more serious crimes.

Since legalizing cannabis in 2012, crime clearance rates are increasing faster in Washington and ...

Retired police officer here. Near 23 years on the front line on the “War on Drugs.” What a complete and utter waste of time, manpower, money, resources etc. Legalize, decriminalize, take the money out of criminals hands. Tax. Regulate. Treatment on demand. Stop treating addiction as a criminal justice issue and treat it as a health care issue.

Free up police and save money by not locking up people for marijuana and reap profits by taxing legal weed, sounds like a great idea.

you would think thats a given but im of the mind that drug laws arent about health but about control. somwhere theres a group of people who get off on knowing that people they dont know must obey rules they made up

It's crazy to imagine how the country would be had at least pot been legal since it's discovery. I feel the war on drugs has had a major butterfly effect.

Try one of these subthreads