Todayilearned todayilearned

TIL: Originally, Superman couldnt fly. Until animators wanted him to, he could only "Leap tall buildings in a single bound"

TIL: Originally, Superman couldnt fly. Until animators wanted him to, he could only "Leap tall buildings in a single bound"
TIL: Originally, Superman couldnt fly. Until animators wanted him to, he could only "Leap tall bu...

Powercreep is very real with Superman.

https://youtu.be/dDMQ3tXNKgM

I was going to just pop in here and post this Then I thought I should look at the article. I was pleasantly surprised to find the article is about this very video. Neat.

Yah, a lot easier to draw a few dozen clouds vs a whole city for each frame. Just another example of how being lazy making things better.

This is because Superman is based off of John Carter. Yes that mediocre movie that came out a few years ago called John Carter is about that character. The idea being that niether actually has super powers but is just from a different planet with higher gravity giving them apparent super strength. But then of course Superman, over time, was just made into an actual super hero.

TIL that 50-80% of Cali firefighters in the brush are female and male inmates that make about $2/day, yet even after years of experience they can't become firefighters when they are released because CA doesn't hire ex-felons.

TIL that 50-80% of Cali firefighters in the brush are female and male inmates that make about $2/...

Interesting quote from the article

David Fathi, the director of the A.C.L.U. National Prison Project, who opposes all forms of prison labor, told me, ‘‘I think one important question to ask is, if these people are safe to be out and about and carrying axes and chain saws, maybe they didn’t need to be in prison in the first place.’’

My uncle is currently doing this. He loves this program. He was fighting the fires where he lived for years. My grandmother and grandfather were able to come see him. He was not in a jumpsuit, behind glass, or in chains. Seeing him happy, sober, and doing something to give back to the community gives us hope.

We'll trust them with our lives but not around your unattended vehicle. Sounds to me like these are fundamentally good people without a legitimate chance to lead a happy and productive life, then.

I was one of them at one point in time. I think my day pay got up to like $3-4 a day, and fire pay was $1 per hour. Best job I ever had.

TIL scientists caught a skink evolving. Researchers found that skinks living below a mountain in warmer climates would lay eggs. At higher climates, the cold caused the skinks to hold their eggs inside for longer until they would hatch internally for live births.

TIL scientists caught a skink evolving. Researchers found that skinks living below a mountain in warmer climates would lay eggs. At higher climates, the cold caused the skinks to hold their eggs inside for longer until they would hatch internally for live births.
TIL scientists caught a skink evolving. Researchers found that skinks living below a mountain in ...

I wonder if skinks would hatch their eggs internally if you just moved them to a colder climate. Then that would be adaptation and not evolution.

We examined the reproductive mode of Saiphos equalis over the geographic range of the species using preserved museum specimens, and we gathered detailed information on reproductive output of captive lizards collected from a high-elevation site (Riamukka, in the northern highlands of New South Wales) and from a coastal area (Sydney, southern New South Wales). Lizards from Riamukka were viviparous (i.e. they produced fully formed young enclosed in membranous sacs), whereas Sydney lizards produced incompletely developed embryos inside partially calcified eggshells. Incubation periods of the eggs from Sydney lizards were very brief (5.5 1.7 days v. >35 days in sympatric oviparous skinks), indicating that oviparous S. equalis represent a true evolutionary intermediate between ‘normal’ oviparity and viviparity.

http://www.publish.csiro.au/zo/ZO97023

Nope, its genetic divergence

I like how they were ‘caught’ evolving. Like the scientist sprang out from behind a rock

‘AHA, I knew it! You sneaky skink’

Right, the article doesn't really clear up whether this is a difference in morphology, or whether it is a change induced by environmental factors.

TIL the Norris-Bittaker tape; an audio recording of a murder so brutal that it is used to desensitize potential FBI agents. It has been deemed too gruesome to be released to the public, and an officer took his own life after hearing it.

TIL the Norris-Bittaker tape; an audio recording of a murder so brutal that it is used to desensi...

More trivia: Scott Glenn was played this tape by the director for Silence of the Lambs to help him get in to the mindset of an FBI agent. The director was friends with a fellow agent, so they were allowed a copy of the tape.

Glenn said in an interview that he wanted to reach across the table and punch the director in the face for making him listen to it, and that he stormed out of the room and told the director to go fuck himself.

One of them still hasn't been executed, and the other is up for parole in 2019 I think.

the other is up for parole in 2019 I think.

This is correct, Norris was denied parole in 2009 when he opted to not have a hearing; which means he's up again for parole in 2019. I honestly can't imagine a parole board would ever let this monster out.

And Bittaker is in San Quentin on death row. He's had his execution stayed a few times.

I clicked the link and read some of the transcript. I wish I hadn't.

TIL In the skies over Germany in WWII, a badly damaged American B-17 was escorted out of enemy airspace by a German fighter ace who could've easily shot them down. Years later after the war, Charlie Brown and Franz Stigler reunited and became lifelong friends.

TIL In the skies over Germany in WWII, a badly damaged American B-17 was escorted out of enemy airspace by a German fighter ace who could've easily shot them down. Years later after the war, Charlie Brown and Franz Stigler reunited and became lifelong friends.

Good grief.

It makes sense that Charlie Brown would be a famous WWII pilot, seeing how his dog was a famous WWI pilot.

Sabaton strikes again

I showed this to my Grandfather who fought in WWII (He was a Nazi but one of the good ones) and he said that when he shot down bombers he tried to hit just the wings so that the flyers could live.

Edit: No he was a Nazi, and he was really good at his job.

TIL that Ian Anderson, the frontman for the rock band Jethro Tull, adopted the flute after realized he would never be "as good as Eric Clapton" on the electric guitar.

TIL that Ian Anderson, the frontman for the rock band Jethro Tull, adopted the flute after realiz...

clapton is good, but he isnt really that great from a technical standpoint. he was actually kind of obnoxious about it. saying he could've been better if he actually practiced or some crap. idk, compared to others like page or hendrix, i really dont see how clapton is the one with the reputation of being the best. listen to cocaine and sunshine of your love, the riffs start off with the same exact four intervals, idk, i just dont see why he gets all the cred

Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson interview: 'I swapped £30,000 guitar for a £30 flute'

I've just recently gotten into Cream, and although I haven't explored post-Cream Clapton to the fullest extent, I believe his best work is with Cream.

Cream isn't really a studio band. They've stated that for their songs, the only set parts are the beginning and end, and everything else is improvisation.

I love Sunshine Of Your Love, but it isn't the best showcase of any member's work. I'm So Glad (particularly the live version off of Goodbye) highlights just how good Baker, Bruce, and Clapton are at their respective instruments IMO.

Ian Anderson's son-in-law is Andrew Lincoln, aka "Rick Grimes" on the walking dead.

TIL that Tom Waits won a lawsuit against Audi when Audi used a song similar to Waits's "Innocent When You Dream" sung by Waits imitating singer. Waits had previously won a lawsuit against Frito-Lay for a similar commercial. Waits donated his settlement money to charity.

TIL that Tom Waits won a lawsuit against Audi when Audi used a song similar to Waits's "Innocent ...

Conversely, Fritos won a lawsuit against my dog's feet for stealing their signature scent.

That song is fantastic. I think waits will be considered one of the great songwriters of the last 50 years after his death. He seems under appreciated now.

Early Tom Waits is very much reflective of who is he was at the time. In the early 80s, he quit drinking, got married, and released Swordfish Trombones. His style changed from drunken lounge singer to a sort of Broadway charactature.

The last true Beatnik. What I wouldn’t give to hang out with him for an evening.

TIL It takes thousands of years for light to escape the sun, then 8.3 minutes to reach earth. The sunlight we see is thousands of years old.

TIL It takes thousands of years for light to escape the sun, then 8.3 minutes to reach earth. The...

And some days it's overcast.

Poor little photon, thousands of years building up to a moment of glory, gets aimed at Britain!

They aren't the same photons.

It was only sunlight (visible light) for 8.3 minutes though. Before that the energy was in the form of gamma rays for thousands of years inside the sun. And before that it was in the form of photons inside hydrogen atoms. Is there something special about the creation of the gamma rays in the sun’s center that makes that the “birth” of our sunlight? It’s all just been energy taking different forms since day one, right?

TIL That male homosexuality might be caused by the mother's immune system---which may mistake male-specific proteins on the Y-chromosome as pathogens and "attack" them, resulting in developmental quirks

TIL That male homosexuality might be caused by the mother's immune system---which may mistake male-specific proteins on the Y-chromosome as pathogens and "attack" them, resulting in developmental quirks
TIL That male homosexuality might be caused by the mother's immune system---which may mistake mal...

I’m all for it, personally.

What about female homosexuality.

I'm just going to go ahead and patent "Thanks Mom for my love of penis!" gift cards now.

I'm wondering the same thing. My mom's entire body tried kill me (and her) wholesale at 29 weeks gestation. Somehow I survived. Fifteen years later she deliberately tried to drive me to suicide for being queer. Still somehow I survived, minus a family.

Try one of these subthreads