Todayilearned todayilearned

TIL most deaths from overdoses occur when a recovering addict relapses, and takes a dose that they've by then lost the tolerance for.

TIL most deaths from overdoses occur when a recovering addict relapses, and takes a dose that they've by then lost the tolerance for.
TIL most deaths from overdoses occur when a recovering addict relapses, and takes a dose that the...

Using this thread to plug /sub/opiatesrecovery for those with clean time, or those still using who want to stop and just need some people to talk to. We don't care when and where you used, what your connections were, only that you want to get better. One day at a time.

Yeah. I dated a heroin addict back in the late 90's.

She was on methadone. She tried to use heroin a few times but it took a hell of a lot to get her any good times. This led to her getting kicked off methadone. Then when in withdrawal, she shot a massive load and croaked.

Yeah.

Happened to my best friend last year. Was clean for a month or two and went back to his usual dose and died.

There's a skyrocketing percentage of people actually not dying due to taking too much whilst relapsing. Rather, they are dying from Heroine cut, or laced, (for simplicity's sake: mixed with) with fentanyl, which is causing people to OD on the 'normal' amount that they are used to taking. Fentanyl is 50-100 times more powerful than morphine, and 30-50 times more powerful than Heroin. There was a front page post that was reposted a few times, that I won't search for, but here's another sample, showing the lethal dosages for heroin and fentanyl, respectively.

Incidentally, Fentanyl can be absorbed through breathing it in even accidentally, through the skin, and can even cause death this way, if even a small amount is inhaled. This is causing the DEA to warn LEO's to be hyper-vigilant in regard to busts, and seizures.

Edit: extra sauce

There's a skyrocketing percentage of people actually not dying due to taking too much whilst relapsing. Rather, they are dying from Heroine cut, or laced, (for simplicity's sake: mixed with) with fentanyl, which is causing people to OD on the 'normal' amount that they are used to taking. Fentanyl is 50-100 times more powerful than morphine, and 30-50 times more powerful than Heroin. There was a front page post that was reposted a few times, that I won't search for, but sample, showing the lethal dosages for heroin and fentanyl, respectively.

Incidentally, Fentanyl can be absorbed through breathing it in even accidentally, through the skin, and can even cause death this way, if even a small amount is inhaled. This is causing the DEA to warn LEO's to be hyper-vigilant in regard to busts, and seizures.

Edit: extra sauce

TIL there are more trees in North America than there were 100 years ago.

TIL there are more trees in North America than there were 100 years ago.
TIL there are more trees in North America than there were 100 years ago.

good news, sort of.

The average age of forests in the United States is younger than it was before European settlement. The greatest diversity is found in the oldest forests, so there may be more forest now, but because it is so young, it is home for fewer animals, plants, insects and other organisms than a fully developed, mature forest ecosystem. It also means that protecting old growth forests is imperative.

That would be comparing today to 1917. I can believe that. How does today compare with 1817 or 1717?

The decade before 1917 there was a mass die off of the American Chestnut. Billions of trees died. This study basically starts off at a zero state.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_chestnut

Well, and they're making efforts at ecosystem restoration. I used to live in Georgia, and while they have replanted tons of trees, big chunks of the state were a really nice Longleaf ecosystem...It's a great ecosystem for animals and plants, but shitty for arboriculture. Longleaf grows slowly, and very spread out, so they cut it all down, and replaced it with pines that grow quickly, and close together.

Now though, they're cutting that down, and replanting Longleaf in places. Though, ironically, a lot of misguided conservationists tend to protest cutting down the slashpine. Heh.

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TIL That our sun accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass in our solar system.

TIL That our sun accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass in our solar system.

[1] Not counting OP's mom

I also believe that Jupiter and Saturn combine for 0.12% and that leaves the other .02% for everything else combined

The sun also accounts for nearly 100% of the stars in our solar system.

Whoa... hits the blunt

TIL King Cobra is called as "King" becuase it can eat other species of snakes, and their poison doesn't affect it.

TIL King Cobra is called as "King" becuase it can eat other species of snakes, and their poison doesn't affect it.
TIL King Cobra is called as "King" becuase it can eat other species of snakes, and their poison d...

Just like the Burger King can eat the burgers from other fast food places, and their poison doesn't kill him.

Venom*

Apparently, all the kingsnakes can eat other snakes, and hence all snakes belonging to this subspecies have "king" in their name: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingsnake

Correction to your title regarding using the word poison when you probably meant venom. As for kingsnakes, just so readers don't get confused, they are not very closely related to cobras (which are kind of an oddball offshoot of snakes).

Today I Learned that Jordan Chandler sternly denied the allegations that Michael Jackson abused him until after he was administered sodium amytal [a drug known to enable false memories to be implanted] by his dentist father who had first made the allegations before his son did.

Today I Learned that Jordan Chandler sternly denied the allegations that Michael Jackson abused h...

Looks like the only one giving that kid a cavity search was his father.

Evan Chandler (the father) was apparently dentist to the stars and apparently real desperate for celebrity interaction, so much so that he'd provide celebrities with unnecessary surgery to fulfil requests for drugs. Guy also co-wrote Robin Hood: Men in Tights.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UIxU3cWkqW0

The story is rather tragic. I do believe that had the internet existed in 1994 in it's current form, Jackson would still be alive today. Jackson was very much the victim of public perception. Yes, he was clearly an eccentric with many quirks, but the "child molestation" thing was hogwash. GQ published a non-bias article in 1994 entitled "Was Michael Jackson Framed?" that you can find all over the net. Here's one link: http://floacist.wordpress.com/2007/08/22/gq-article-was-michael-jackson-framed/ ... It's a pretty fascinating read that details exactly what happened during that first accusation. Most people haven't read it, though... because it's easier and more "interesting" (and at the time, "funnier") to imagine him as some kind of freak.

Anyone unfamiliar with what actually happened there, I'd really recommend reading it. The TL;DR: version is pretty god damn fucked up. He befriended a young boy, his mother and step-father. The biological father wanted money to produce "Robin Hood Men In Tights" so he brainwashed his son with sodium Amytal in an attempt to extort money out of Jackson... knowing full-well he wouldn't want to go through a long career-tarnishing trial. There's taped conversations between the father and step-father where the father lays out his entire plan.

“And if I go through with this, I win big-time. There’s no way I lose. I’ve checked that inside out. I will get everything I want, and they will be destroyed forever. June will lose [custody of the son]…and Michael’s career will be over.”

It's whack. Seriously... read it. FYI, the father ended up killing himself in 2009 only 5 months after Jackson died: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evan_Chandler

My point is, public perception in 1994 was so heavily dependent on shock media, magazine covers, radio, talk show monologues, etc. Had Reddit existed back then, we would have seen the smoking gun. People would be chatting over the details on a daily basis. It would have been very difficult for the public to remain that misinformed and warped by rumor and heresay.

But the perception stuck. And clearly it weighed heavily on Jackson... someone who had dedicated his life to helping children in need. He was clearly depressed. He turned to drugs. As we later found out, he needed to be medicated to even sleep. I can't imagine what that had to have been like..

That was the only time anyone ever accused Jackson of wrongdoing... until 11 years later in 2005, but this time it was CLEARLY bullshit and a clear attempt at extortion. Anyone following that trial was aware of how ridiculous the claims were. I'll summarize. It was right after the huge documentary "Living with Michael Jackson" that Martin Bashir did. Jackson was all over the news for the "baby dangling" incident. In the documentary, it showed that Jackson took in a young cancer patient, his mother and sister and was paying for the boy's treatment (last I heard, he's now cancer-free). He was close with the boy and the family. It made the news, because of the scene where Jackson says, "What's wrong with sharing a bed with someone you love?" in reference to the young boy. The public took it (or twisted it) to be a sexual thing... Jackson intended it as an innocent remark... hanging out late playing video games on a massive bed and someone passes out. Inappropriate? Maybe. Molestation? No. Anyways... the mother of the boy had been in and out of mental institutions and had attempted to con money from celebrities in the past (the reason for Jay Leno and George Lopez being at the trial). She also claimed her family had been "sexually fondled" by JC Penny security after her punk kids shoplifted... she settled out of court for $152k. So anyhow, the Bashir documentary was a shitshow, people like Gloria Allred were petitioning to have Jackson's kids taken away... and Jackson's handlers told him to distance himself from the young boy and the family... so he cut them off. It was only after that, that the woman and the boy accused Jackson of misconduct. The funny part was, they literally claimed the molestation started AFTER the documentary aired. As if Jackson hung out with the kid, let them live at Neverland, passed out playing videogames, filmed a documentary admitting that it was innocent... and then when the entire world started looking at the relationship with a magnifying glass and wanted to take away Jackson's kids (and apparently the family had already been interviewed by police)... THAT's when Jackson decided to start molesting the kid. Come on... Whole thing was a crock of shit. The woman also claimed they were held hostage at Neverland... to which they pulled up the creditcard receipts showing all the shopping sprees she was doing with Jackson's money during the "kidnapping". At one point they point out, "How could you be kidnapped if you were shopping at Nordstroms, Tiffanys... here's a receipt for a body wax". The woman snapped back , "IT WASN'T A BODY WAX!!! IT WAS A LEG WAX!! HE'S LYING TO YOU!!!" .... Total shitshow. Read up on it. It's was fucked. You can read most of this on wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trial_of_Michael_Jackson

That 2005 Trial doesn't happen without the 1993 situation. It was the same DA (Tom Sneddon) who tried to get Jackson in 1993 that was pushing for the 2005 thing. It was only mildly plausible, because of the 1993 thing. They tried to find other boys to step forward (out of the thousands who Jackson had been in contact with over the years) and nobody stepped forward. They had a former body guard (who had sold his story to National Enquirer and had previously been arrested for armed robbery) claim he saw Jackson blowing Macauley Culkin in a shower... they brought Culkin up there to respond and he's like, "WUT?" ... As one journalist put it:

"the trial featured perhaps the most compromised collection of prosecution witnesses ever assembled in an American criminal case...the chief drama of the trial quickly turned into a race to see if the DA could manage to put all of his witnesses on the stand without getting any of them removed from the courthouse in manacles.""

Nobody following that trial was surprised by the outcome.

It's some sad stuff, man. Despite this, the perception stuck. People continued to hate him and paint him as a monster. People continued to take the rumors and tabloid gossip as truth... and I think ultimately it killed him.

Edit: I should admit I'm slightly bias... my cousin spent a lot of time at Neverland hanging out with MJ when she was a kid and she said it was ALWAYS filled with children (mostly underprivileged kids, children with disabilities or sickness) and that Jackson was a fucking saint. She's still depressed about his death and doesn't like talking about it.

Edit 2: Someone forwarded this to me. A short interview from 2003 with the author of that GQ article (Mary A Fischer) right after the second allegations broke: ... In the interview, she points out a detail I forgot. In both the 1993 and 2003 allegations, the parents' first instinct wasn't to go to police... but to lawyer up. In both instances, they went to the same lawyer (Larry Feldman) who specializes in civil litigation. Strange behavior if you actually think your kid has been abused.

Edit 3: Regarding 2016 child porn allegations: That was a false story fabricated by the tabloid Radar Online.

Almost immediately after the "report" went viral, the police department who did the investigation, denied releasing any report.

All the porn that was found in MJ's possession was presented at the 2005 trial. Not only was there no child porn, but all of it was heterosexual adult porn.

http://michaeljacksonallegations.com/books-magazines-and-internet-material-found-in-michael-jacks...

The prosecution spent days displaying the magazines that they had confiscated from Jackson’s bedroom on a big screen. Observers wondered what point they were trying to make with the detailed, graphic presentation of this completely legal collection that only pointed to Jackson’s sexual interest in women, other than perhaps trying to publicly humiliate him and prejudice the conservative jury against him in the absence of real, relevant evidence.

Oh, and the FBI investigated Michael for 15 years. Not one shred of evidence of child molestation or child porn was ever found.

Can't believe that even years after his death - tabloids continue to fabricate stories about him. Just disgusting.

Here is the relevant text from the wikipedia article:

According to Taraborrelli, Chandler was forced to admit the controversial sedative sodium amytal was used when he extracted a tooth from Jordan in early August.[16] On May 3, 1994, KCBS-TV news reported that Chandler claimed the drug was used for tooth extraction and that the allegations came out while Jordan was under the influence of the drug.[5] Mark Torbiner, the dental anesthesiologist who administered the drug, told GQ if sodium amytal was used, "it was for dental purposes."[5] Sodium amytal is a barbiturate that puts people in a hypnotic state when injected intravenously. Studies done in 1952 debunked the drug as a truth serum and demonstrated it enabled false memories to be easily implanted.

There is so, so, so much information about the 1993 allegations that most people are just completely oblivious to. It's impossible to fit all the facts into a single TIL post, so if you're interested, please take the time to research both the 1993 allegations and the 2003 trial for yourself.

There's an absolutely fantastic podcast which details all the events between 1993 and 2003 which I couldn't recommend more: https://itunes.apple.com/au/podcast/episode-058-vindication-day-special-pirates-in-neverland/id96...

The same people also made another great podcast which interviews the defence attorney Thomas Mesereau who worked on the 2003 trial: https://itunes.apple.com/au/podcast/episode-010-vindication-day-10th-anniversary-special/id965404...

There's so much more to be said, like how Evan Chandler killed himself just a few months after Michael Jackson died in 2009. And how Jordan Chandler got legal emancipation from both his mother and biological father, Evan, in the late 1990's, and how Jordan got a restraining order against Evan after claiming that Evan threatened to kill him and beat him using a dumbbell.

There's also the fact that Jackson only settled the 1993 allegations because if he didn't settle to Evan Chandler's demands, Jackson would be forced to give testimony in a civil trial. But if he did give testimony, and give defence, and give alibis then if the case ever went to a criminal trial then the prosecution could use Jackson's testimony to tailor craft their case against him.

Do some digging, do some research. It's so easy to believe that Michael Jackson was a bad guy because that's all the media ever tells you, but there is so, so much information out there and so many facts that point to Jackson being a total victim to money hungry people trying to extort him for his wealth.

TIL Aaron Greenspan, a tech wizard who shared the same dorm with Mark Zuckerberg, built a Facebook-y site long before Facebook was built, but was (allegedly) given no credit when he claims (with documented proof) that Zuckerberg took inspiration from and copied off his product to build Facebook.

TIL Aaron Greenspan, a tech wizard who shared the same dorm with Mark Zuckerberg, built a Facebook-y site long before Facebook was built, but was (allegedly) given no credit when he claims (with documented proof) that Zuckerberg took inspiration from and copied off his product to build Facebook.
TIL Aaron Greenspan, a tech wizard who shared the same dorm with Mark Zuckerberg, built a Faceboo...

He didn't need inspiration from his dorm-mate, there were tons of similar sites already. Facebook became popular because it was fast and not overloaded with crap, at least not initially.

This is what I love about every claim that he stole their idea. They stole the idea, too.

a fucking million people had that "idea". it was the execution that mattered. "ermagerd, zuck just copied friendster"

look, yeah, zuck is kind of a douche, but he executed very well. They had an aire of exclusivity by first only letting ivy school kids in. then expanded slowly, people want to be exclusive or rare. He took Sean Parker's advice and didn't add advertising right away. Fuck they waited YEARS. They got deep deep entrenchment in peoples lives. If he had taken Eduardo's advice and tried to monetize with ads before it had such a deep grasp on the populace people would have abandonded it en masse.

This is something outside the startup world few people understand.

The initial idea is pretty meaningless, in and of itself. It represents an estimated 5% of what your company is worth, if it ever actually ends up being worth anything at all someday.

Its execution of the idea that matters... And being able to raise money for the idea. Then next to that, its being able to sell the idea, and market the idea. Then its being able to listen to good feedback about the idea, make adjustments, and sell even more. Make more adjustments and sell more, and so on and so forth..

... Until one day, you have a team of amazing people who helped build a great company and a great product, that's actually worth something. The initial idea?? Not that important anymore.

TIL that Annie Dookhan, a crime lab chemist in MA, intentionally mishandled thousands of samples. As a result, more than 20,000 convictions had to be dropped en masse.

TIL that Annie Dookhan, a crime lab chemist in MA, intentionally mishandled thousands of samples. As a result, more than 20,000 convictions had to be dropped en masse.
TIL that Annie Dookhan, a crime lab chemist in MA, intentionally mishandled thousands of samples....

She even went as far as to add cocaine to samples in which no cocaine was present.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annie_Dookhan

I work in a donor testing lab. We do living and cadaveric tissue donation infectious disease testing (among other things like cord blood sterility testing.) If I did what this woman did, your grandma could get HIV from a donated cornea or your unborn child could suffer horrible birth defects after IVF due to a pre-existing STD. Your friend could die from hepatitis after using semen from a sperm bank to get pregnant. Lab workers can destroy lives with the click of a mouse or a purposeful faulty aliquot. It's terrifying the power we wield. I go to work every day with the knowledge that a mistake could kill a patient, and I hold great respect for the power I hold over people's lives. What this woman did is beyond abhorrent. She should be locked away for life.

20,000. She was a one woman crime wave.

Leave it to a woman to only get 3 years for committing twenty thousand crimes.

TIL that the Black Death killed so many people in the 14th century that the world population did not recover to pre-plague levels until the 17th century.

TIL that the Black Death killed so many people in the 14th century that the world population did ...

I couldn't even imagine living in cities in those times. Sanitation and medicine rock.

The plague bacterium could develop drug resistance and again become a major health threat. One case of a drug-resistant form of the bacterium was found in Madagascar in 1995. A further outbreak in Madagascar was reported in November 2014.

If flash games have taught me anything, the world is already doomed.

It makes me feel lucky to live in modern times.

The population of Ireland before the 1845 famine was 8.5 million. About a third died in the famine, and more emigrated as a result. Over 170 years later, it still hasn't recovered, the population now is about 6.5 million.

Try one of these subthreads