history

Anyone aware of any good historical podcasts?

Anyone aware of any good historical podcasts?

I’ve decided to try and get into podcasts (yes, I know, I am very late to this party). I’m hoping to be able to find something akin to audio lectures by people who, uh, know what they’re talking about (IE well-researched content by qualified persons). I’ll open to history of any era or region, though I have a special affection for ancient history, and would especially appreciate non-Western history (because, as a Westerner, I’ve had the least exposure to it).

Anyone have any good recommendations?

Dan Carlin’s Hardcore History. That shit is COMPREHENSIVE.

The history of Rome podcast by Mike Duncan alot of people enjoy. Emperors of Rome is another high quality podcast about the Roman emperors.

I second Hardcore History. They are extremely long, but extremely good.

His later series on revolutions is to be recommended as well

Looking for sources about the Spartan Helot class, particularly their role in battle

Looking for sources about the Spartan Helot class, particularly their role in battle

Today in an ancient warfare class we discussed Spartan society. The prof discussed the Helotes and how around 7 would attend to each soldier on campaign. The fact that that would have made the battle of thermopolye a battle of 2100 instead of 300 was suprising to me. We discussed some theories on what they actually did in these battles, but basically just said their was very little evidence to support any claim and the Greeks hardly mentioned their existence. Is it possible they were archers or light infantry? Anyone know of any good source that could help piece this together? It seems herodotus was not very helpful on this one.

https://youtu.be/hMQmU0epVr4

Herodotus not much of a source anyway. Very opinionated and a lot of times happy to put to paper things he knew nothing about but sounded good to him or validated his socio-political views. Fehling has a particularly bad opinion about him.

This video is worth a watch and you can find good source in the description if you want to go more in depth yourself

I don't think it's controversial that Herodotus is a shit source. I was under the impression that he is turned to regularly because he is one of the ONLY sources for that era, and the others are even worse.

Helots were as slaves they were not considered citizens worth of fighting and therefore were only used in battle when there weren't other units possible, in the spartan army the role of light infantry was fulfilled by the middle classes not the spartiats, the perieci, they could afford armor and light weapons that were unhonorable for the spartiats, i don't really know where you can find more info, i studied about htis in school book, and i don't really know more about this argument.

'Gates of fire' is dramatized and focuses on the spartans, but does detail how the helots supported the spartans in battle.

Edit: To expound a bit, favored helots served as squires to the Spartans and would support them with ranged weapons and by carrying them fresh spears as theirs broke.

We've brought ancient pyramid experts here to answer your questions about the mysterious, recently-discovered voids inside Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza. Ask us anything!

We've brought ancient pyramid experts here to answer your questions about the mysterious, recently-discovered voids inside Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza. Ask us anything!In November 2017, the ScanPyramids research team announced they had made a historic discovery – using cutting-edge, non-invasive technology, they discovered a Big Void within the Great Pyramid. Its the third major discovery in this mythical monument, the biggest discovery to happen in the Pyramid of Giza in centuries. 

The revelation is not only a milestone in terms of muography technology and scientific approach used to reveal the secret chamber, but will hopefully lead to significant insights into how the pyramids were built.

For background, here's the full film on the PBS Secrets of the Dead website and on CuriosityStream.

Answering your questions today are: 


Mehdi Tayoubi (u/Tayoubi), ScanPyramids Mission Co-Director
Dr. Peter Der Manuelian (u/pmanuelian), Philip J. King Professor of Egyptology, Director of the Harvard Semitic Museum


Proof: 

https://i.redd.it/yb1kzsmzvfd01.jpg

https://i.redd.it/ryitrvetwfd01.jpg

EDIT: 
Thanks everyone for the great questions and for making our first AMA incredible! Let's do this again soon. A special thank you to Mehdi Tayoubi & Peter Der Manuelian for giving us their time and expertise. 

To learn more about this mission, watch Scanning the Pyramids on the Secrets of the Dead website, and follow us on Facebook & Twitter for updates on our upcoming films!
We've brought ancient pyramid experts here to answer your questions about the mysterious, recently-discovered voids inside Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza. Ask us anything!

In November 2017, the ScanPyramids research team announced they had made a historic discovery – using cutting-edge, non-invasive technology, they discovered a Big Void within the Great Pyramid. Its the third major discovery in this mythical monument, the biggest discovery to happen in the Pyramid of Giza in centuries.

The revelation is not only a milestone in terms of muography technology and scientific approach used to reveal the secret chamber, but will hopefully lead to significant insights into how the pyramids were built.

For background, here's the full film on the PBS Secrets of the Dead website and on CuriosityStream.

Answering your questions today are:

Mehdi Tayoubi (u/Tayoubi), ScanPyramids Mission Co-Director Dr. Peter Der Manuelian (u/pmanuelian), Philip J. King Professor of Egyptology, Director of the Harvard Semitic Museum

Proof:

https://i.redd.it/ryitrvetwfd01.jpg

EDIT: Thanks everyone for the great questions and for making our first AMA incredible! Let's do this again soon. A special thank you to Mehdi Tayoubi & Peter Der Manuelian for giving us their time and expertise.

To learn more about this mission, watch Scanning the Pyramids on the Secrets of the Dead website, and follow us on Facebook & Twitter for updates on our upcoming films!

What if any ideas do you have about what's in the void? And when is it expected to be uncovered?

Hello, We have no idea about what this void could be. So many architectural hypotheses are compatible, we need further non invasive investigation from new angles to give more information about the ScanPyramids Big Void as we did for our first discovery the ScanPyramids North Face Corridor announced in 2016.

At the moment, we don't have confirmation of a connection, or the ability of a human to enter the void from somewhere. But we're working on it! Since the Pyramids are in Egypt, all work goes hand in hand with the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, with their approvals, and their kind collaboration.

Are there restrictions on your ability to physically enter these voids? How does the Egyptian government feel about research on the pyramids?

What kinds of technology would people be surprised to find from different time periods?

What kinds of technology would people be surprised to find from different time periods?

I was reading about George Mallory and his contemporaries using bottled oxygen way back in 1922-24 during their attempts up Everest and I was pretty surprised (which maybe not surprising to most people) so I was wondering what other examples there would be.

The ancient Romans had a recipe for concrete that would set underwater. After the collapse of their empire, that recipe was lost for nearly 2000 years. Modern examination of the concrete has finally revealed the recipe to us, described as one of "the most durable building materials in history".

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_concrete

Indoor plumbing by the Minoans

A Moghul in India had air conditioning. Basically circulating cool water much like a swamp cooler.

Meso Americans made toys with wheels but for some reason never used them for big wagons.

During the American revolution, a wooden submarine called the Turtle was built and used in an attempt to attach explosives to the underside of British ships in New York Harbor. It failed at that, but did apparently succeed in at least submerging and moving underwater and then safely resurfacing.

That chemical weapons, such as those used in WWI were created by a man in the late 17th to early 18th century. When he presented it to King Louis XIV, he paid the man an annual salary so as to not sell the technology to anyone else.

I’m Kristin Romey, the National Geographic Archaeology Editor and Writer. I've spent the past year or so researching what archaeology can—or cannot—tell us about Jesus of Nazareth. AMA!

I’m Kristin Romey, the National Geographic Archaeology Editor and Writer. I've spent the past year or so researching what archaeology can—or cannot—tell us about Jesus of Nazareth. AMA!Hi my name is Kristin Romey and I cover archaeology and paleontology for National Geographic news and the magazine. I wrote the cover story for the Dec. 2017 issue about “The Search for the Real Jesus.” Do archaeologists and historians believe that the man described in the New Testament really even existed? Where does archaeology confirm places and events in the New Testament, and where does it refute them? Ask away, and check out the story here: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/12/jesus-tomb-archaeology/

Exclusive: Age of Jesus Christ’s Purported Tomb Revealed: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/11/jesus-tomb-archaeology-jerusalem-christianity-rome/

Proof: https://i.redd.it/4ji9owrtrq001.jpg

https://twitter.com/NatGeo/status/935886282722566144

EDIT: Thanks redditors for the great ama! I'm a half-hour over and late for a meeting so gotta go. Maybe we can do this again! Keep questioning history! K
I’m Kristin Romey, the National Geographic Archaeology Editor and Writer. I've spent the past year or so researching what archaeology can—or cannot—tell us about Jesus of Nazareth. AMA!

Hi my name is Kristin Romey and I cover archaeology and paleontology for National Geographic news and the magazine. I wrote the cover story for the Dec. 2017 issue about “The Search for the Real Jesus.” Do archaeologists and historians believe that the man described in the New Testament really even existed? Where does archaeology confirm places and events in the New Testament, and where does it refute them? Ask away, and check out the story here: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/12/jesus-tomb-archaeology/

Exclusive: Age of Jesus Christ’s Purported Tomb Revealed: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/11/jesus-tomb-archaeology-jerusalem-christianity-rome/

Proof:

https://twitter.com/NatGeo/status/935886282722566144

EDIT: Thanks redditors for the great ama! I'm a half-hour over and late for a meeting so gotta go. Maybe we can do this again! Keep questioning history! K

For this story, it's probably how the Jewish community became increasingly observant as the Roman occupation progressed- it was a real reaction to pagan authority

What is the most interesting thing you have discovered throughout your research?

Finding physical/archaeological evidence to prove that a specific individual existed in ancient times is a very rare thing. Usually only happens if you were powerful enough to get your face on a coin or your name in an inscription.

Look at Socrates, for instance: we know about him through other accounts (Plato, Aristophanes etc) but what’s the physical evidence?

How was the assassination of Lincoln perceived in Europe?

How was the assassination of Lincoln perceived in Europe?

I'm curious to know to what extent (if at all) Europe cared about the assassination of Lincoln? I know that American news was hardly ever talked about or covered in the 19th century, but was there any kind of dialogue or understanding by the people/leaders of Europe?

They cared quite a bit. He wasn't deified in other countries like he was here, but he was still an extremely powerful symbol to people all over the world. Plus, as the Atlantic put it: "in 1865, the assassination of a head of state still retained its power to stun and horrify." One British newspaper called it the most momentous murder since Caesar.

Link: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/04/how-the-world-mourned-lincoln/390465/

This is quite surprising actually. I would have thought not many outsiders would care much about American politics pre-superpower status.

Russian author Leo Tolstoy considered him the world’s greatest hero according to one man’s account of a conversation with him near the end of his life.

"But you have not told us a syllable about the greatest general and greatest ruler of the world. We want to know something about him. He was a hero. He spoke with a voice of thunder; he laughed like the sunrise and his deeds were strong as the rock and as sweet as the fragrance of roses. The angels appeared to his mother and predicted that the son whom she would conceive would become the greatest the stars had ever seen. He was so great that he even forgave the crimes of his greatest enemies and shook brotherly hands with those who had plotted against his life. His name was Lincoln and the country in which he lived is called America, which is so far away that if a youth should journey to reach it he would be an old man when he arrived. Tell us of that man."

Heh,that was a cool read. Thank you

What is the history of names that end with -son?

What is the history of names that end with -son?

Im guessing Jackson was son of Jack, Johnson was son of John, Yoshua bin Yosef was son of Yosef...but I was wondering if anyone knows the origin of this practice and how it transcended through historical cultures

In Scandinavian cultures this is how last name conventions work. Your born, first name John, your dad is Steve. Your name is John Steveson. Your kid is gonna be kid Johnson. People from the areas of Scandinavia that have these naming conventions come to live in areas that don't and they and their lineage get stuck with what ever name they came over on the boat with.

At least at one time, rules applied for daughters too, so Joanna, daughter of Steve, would be Joanna Stevesdatter

(source, the Norwegian historical novel Kristin Lavrensdatter)

i would be surprised if this wasn't independently started numerous times in different cultures since children have been receiving names. in a patriarchal patrilineal society, it makes sense that sons would get "son of ______" as part of their name.

This was common throughout the middle ages. The suffixes varied from -dottir (Iceland) to -dotter (Sweden) with various forms inbetween. The nobilty during this time would have three names, their given name, their "father's name + son/dottir" and the name of their family. For example, the full name of Gustav I before he was elected king of Sweden was Gustav Eriksson Vasa.

Today marks the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution.

Today marks the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution.

100 years ago today (November 7th, 1917), the Bolsheviks started what would be known as the October Revolution. This insurrection against Czarist Russia the Duma's Provisional Government would plunge Russia and Eastern Europe into an era of Soviet domination for nearly a century. While the initial impact of this event seemed mild, it would light a worldwide wildfire that's effects are still felt to this day.

Read more about the October Revolution:

http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolution https://www.britannica.com/topic/October-Revolution-Russian-history http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/11/07/day-1917-bolsheviks-seize-power-russian-october-revolu...

Follow the events live as they would've happened 100 years ago: https://project1917.com/october

Edit: They fought against the provisional government at the time, not the czar

The February revolution was against Czarist Russia. The October revolution was against the Russian Provisional Government.

Russia was still using the old Julian calendar when this happened. It wasn't till January of 1918 that they switched to the Gregorian calendar. The difference between both calendars is 13 days.

Fun fact: Lenin shaved his beard and put on a wig on his way to the revolution to avoid being arrested and was almost busted by a guard on a train. Had that guard arrested Lenin world history would've looked a lot different.

Ah yes that famous October revolution that happened in NOVEMBER

What were you even doing Russia?

I am Mike Duncan, author of THE STORM BEFORE THE STORM and the podcaster behind “The History of Rome” and “Revolutions.” AMA!

I am Mike Duncan, author of THE STORM BEFORE THE STORM and the podcaster behind “The History of Rome” and “Revolutions.” AMA!Hi, my name is Mike Duncan and I am one of the foremost history podcasters in the world, with over 100 million episode downloads. My award-winning series The History of Rome remains one of the most popular history podcasts on the internet. My current show, Revolutions, explores the great political revolutions of modern history. I am also the author of the New York Times bestseller: THE STORM BEFORE THE STORM: The Beginning of the End of the Roman Republic, out now from PublicAffairs. Ask me anything.

Proof: https://i.redd.it/p51wi50sa8vz.jpg
I am Mike Duncan, author of THE STORM BEFORE THE STORM and the podcaster behind “The History of Rome” and “Revolutions.” AMA!

Hi, my name is Mike Duncan and I am one of the foremost history podcasters in the world, with over 100 million episode downloads. My award-winning series The History of Rome remains one of the most popular history podcasts on the internet. My current show, Revolutions, explores the great political revolutions of modern history. I am also the author of the New York Times bestseller: THE STORM BEFORE THE STORM: The Beginning of the End of the Roman Republic, out now from PublicAffairs. Ask me anything.

Proof:

They certainly understood that there were different nationalities inside the empire, but in the main, the Romans of his high imperial age viewed each other through the lens of legal status. Were you a citizen? A slave? A provincial subject? A freedman? Those were the basic building blocks.

OK that was tons of fun. Sorry I couldn't get to everyone. There are so many and they are still coming! But I have to get back to writing this week's episode of Revolutions. Metternich is going doooowwwwwnnnnnn

Well obv I was routinely baffled by the conduct of King Charles I in the Eng Civil Wars. And then his later namesake King Charles X during the leadup to July 1830 is a classic case of more or less overthrowing yourself.

Ichiro is the Hit Emperor

Hi Mike,

The distinction between Roman and Italian is a prevalent one during the time period covered by your book. Clearly, the divisions and distinctions that the Romans placed between themselves and those that they deemed as allies/ conquered peoples were significant, and helped to precipitate conflicts such as the Social War. Were these distinctions still in place during the age of the Antonines? Did the concept of a uniform nationality exist during the Roman period(s)?

I am Indy Neidell, from THE GREAT WAR and I am currently retelling the Cuban Missile Crisis with my new side project Time Ghost

I am Indy Neidell, from THE GREAT WAR and I am currently retelling the Cuban Missile Crisis with my new side project Time Ghost
I am Indy Neidell, from THE GREAT WAR and I am currently retelling the Cuban Missile Crisis with my new side project Time Ghost

"hello /sub/history,

I am Indy Neidell, writer and host of THE GREAT WAR on YouTube (youtube.com/thegreatwar).

But I also just launched a new project called Time Ghost - and our first series there is following the Cuban Missile Crisis day by day:

Some more mildly interesting facts about me:

I played and toured (and still do) in a variety of bands I am from Houston, TX (Go Astros!) I live in Stockholm, Sweden I graduated from Wesleyan University (with an honors thesis about the Black Death) I once operated an illegal Youth Hostel in Scotland called "Buzz Aldrin's Travelers Club"

AMA!

Proof: https://imgur.com/a/CNNnB

Thanks a lot guys, I gotta run now- gotta go see the Astros game (I'm in Houston today). I'll try to answer some more questions over the next few days. thanks, always fun doing these. Indy

I can't think if any questions off the top of my head but I just wanted to say a great big thank you to yourself and the team for the work you do!

How important some of the lesser fronts were- for example, the Romanian front could have decided the war.

Well, a very big your welcome back at you!

What is the most surprising thing you've found in your research for the show?

Try one of these subthreads