Morning commute on the 405 in LA today

Traffic's moving pretty good for the end of days.

Ha! Suck it New England - we have four seasons, too! Spring, Summer, Fire, and Mudslides.

And look at all the brilliant colors our trees turn!!

Don't worry... WAZE is showing people alternate routes they can take using the small winding roads that run through the hills, which are all about to burst into flames as the fire spreads.

Just enjoying your morning commute to Hell?

Traffic's moving pretty good for the end of days.

Little known fact, but traffic moving that fast on the 405 is actually one of the prophecies of the coming of the End Times.

Does Waze have a notification for hellfire on the side of the road?

With everything that's going on here, it really begs the question: What scenario is necessary for a driver to stop texting?

Hey, it's the apocalypse...shit I am late for work.

That falls firmly into the "shit I wouldn't drive towards" category

In 500 feet, slight πŸ”₯.

in the upper Midwest we have Four seasons as well. Winter, Spring, Construction, and leaf pickup.

Yes, you could feel that heat, but it would be cooler than the Valley summer.

That's literally what hell looks like

Bumper to bumper traffic while everything around you burns

Or at least that's what it looks like in MY head

Can I ask a potentially stupid question - could you feel the heat in the car or if you opened your windows? Even from there?

When they get into an accident, they usually stop texting.

It took me on a winding road through a mountain range instead of a highway to save me five minutes.

Except it was the middle of a blizzard and I was in a small rear wheel drive Miata on summer tires. Learned a lot about driving and the value of not blindly trusting my map apps that day.

You say that until you're on the freeway and just come up to it..

Happened to me a few months ago outside LA during our last fires.

It looked smokey over the horizon.. went around a bend and BAM the hillside was on fire.

The worst part is all the morons that stop to look and take pictures. We literally came to a halt as we were in the worst part of the fire because people NEEDED to snap some photos.

The sun

...lies at the heart of the solar system, where it is by far the largest object. It holds 99.8 percent of the solar system's mass and is roughly 109 times the diameter of the Earth β€” about one million Earths could fit inside the sun.

The visible part of the sun is about 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit (5,500 degrees Celsius), while temperatures in the core reach more than 27 million F (15 million C), driven by nuclear reactions. One would need to explode 100 billion tons of dynamite every second to match the energy produced by the sun, according to NASA.

The sun is one of more than 100 billion stars in the Milky Way. It orbits some 25,000 light-years from the galactic core, completing a revolution once every 250 million years or so. The sun is relatively young, part of a generation of stars known as Population I, which are relatively rich in elements heavier than helium. An older generation of stars is called Population II, and an earlier generation of Population III may have existed, although no members of this generation are known yet.

Formation & evolution

The sun was born about 4.6 billion years ago. Many scientists think the sun and the rest of the solar system formed from a giant, rotating cloud of gas and dust known as the solar nebula. As the nebula collapsed because of its gravity, it spun faster and flattened into a disk. Most of the material was pulled toward the center to form the sun.

The sun has enough nuclear fuel to stay much as it is now for another 5 billion years. After that, it will swell to become a red giant. Eventually, it will shed its outer layers, and the remaining core will collapse to become a white dwarf. Slowly, this will fade, to enter its final phase as a dim, cool theoretical object sometimes known as a black dwarf.

Internal structure and atmosphere

The sun and its atmosphere are divided into several zones and layers. The solar interior, from the inside out, is made up of the core, radiative zone and the convective zone. The solar atmosphere above that consists of the photosphere, chromosphere, a transition region and the corona. Beyond that is the solar wind, an outflow of gas from the corona.

The core extends from the sun's center to about a quarter of the way to its surface. Although it only makes up roughly 2 percent of the sun's volume, it is almost 15 times the density of lead and holds nearly half of the sun's mass. Next is the radiative zone, which extends from the core to 70 percent of the way to the sun's surface, making up 32 percent of the sun's volume and 48 percent of its mass. Light from the core gets scattered in this zone, so that a single photon often may take a million years to pass through.

The convection zone reaches up to the sun's surface, and makes up 66 percent of the sun's volume but only a little more than 2 percent of its mass. Roiling "convection cells" of gas dominate this zone. Two main kinds of solar convection cells exist β€” granulation cells about 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) wide and supergranulation cells about 20,000 miles (30,000 km) in diameter.

The photosphere is the lowest layer of the sun's atmosphere, and emits the light we see. It is about 300 miles (500 km) thick, although most of the light comes from its lowest third. Temperatures in the photosphere range from 11,000 F (6,125 C) at bottom to 7,460 F (4,125 C) at top. Next up is the chromosphere, which is hotter, up to 35,500 F (19,725 C), and is apparently made up entirely of spiky structures known as spicules typically some 600 miles (1,000 km) across and up to 6,000 miles (10,000 km) high.

After that is the transition region a few hundred to a few thousand miles thick, which is heated by the corona above it and sheds most of its light as ultraviolet rays. At the top is the super-hot corona, which is made of structures such as loops and streams of ionized gas. The corona generally ranges from 900,000 F (500,000 C) to 10.8 million F (6 million C) and can even reach tens of millions of degrees when a solar flare occurs. Matter from the corona is blown off as the solar wind.

Magnetic field

The strength of the sun's magnetic field is typically only about twice as strong as Earth's field. However, it becomes highly concentrated in small areas, reaching up to 3,000 times stronger than usual. These kinks and twists in the magnetic field develop because the sun spins more rapidly at the equator than at the higher latitudes and because the inner parts of the sun rotate more quickly than the surface. These distortions create features ranging from sunspots to spectacular eruptions known as flares and coronal mass ejections. Flares are the most violent eruptions in the solar system, while coronal mass ejections are less violent but involve extraordinary amounts of matter β€” a single ejection can spout roughly 20 billion tons (18 billion metric tons) of matter into space.

Chemical composition

Just like most other stars, the sun is made up mostly of hydrogen, followed by helium. Nearly all the remaining matter consists of seven other elements β€” oxygen, carbon, neon, nitrogen, magnesium, iron and silicon. For every 1 million atoms of hydrogen in the sun, there are 98,000 of helium, 850 of oxygen, 360 of carbon, 120 of neon, 110 of nitrogen, 40 of magnesium, 35 of iron and 35 of silicon. Still, hydrogen is the lightest of all elements, so it only accounts for roughly 72 percent of the sun's mass, while helium makes up about 26 percent.

Sunspots and solar cycles

Sunspots are relatively cool, dark features on the sun's surface that are often roughly circular. They emerge where dense bundles of magnetic field lines from the sun's interior break through the surface. [Related: Largest Sunspot in 24 Years Wows Scientists, But Also Mystifies]

The number of sunspots varies as solar magnetic activity does β€” the change in this number, from a minimum of none to a maximum of roughly 250 sunspots or clusters of sunspots and then back to a minimum, is known as the solar cycle, and averages about 11 years long. At the end of a cycle, the magnetic field rapidly reverses its polarity.

Observation & history

Ancient cultures often modified natural rock formations or built stone monuments to mark the motions of the sun and moon, charting the seasons, creating calendars and monitoring eclipses. Many believed the sun revolved around the Earth, with ancient Greek scholar Ptolemy formalizing this "geocentric" model in 150 B.C. Then, in 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus described a heliocentric, sun-centered model of the solar system, and in 1610, Galileo Galilei's discovery of Jupiter's moons revealed that not all heavenly bodies circled the Earth.

To learn more about how the sun and other stars work, after early observations using rockets, scientists began studying the sun from Earth orbit. NASA launched a series of eight orbiting observatories known as the Orbiting Solar Observatory between 1962 and 1971. Seven of them were successful, and analyzed the sun at ultraviolet and X-ray wavelengths and photographed the super-hot corona, among other achievements.

In 1990, NASA and the European Space Agency launched the Ulysses probe to make the first observations of its polar regions. In 2004, NASA's Genesis spacecraft returned samples of the solar wind to Earth for study. In 2007, NASA's double-spacecraft Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) mission returned the first three-dimensional images of the sun. NASA lost contact with STEREO-B in 2014, which is remained out of contact except for a brief period in 2016. STEREO-A remains fully functional.

One of the most important solar missions to date has been the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), which was designed to study the solar wind, as well as the sun's outer layers and interior structure. It has imaged the structure of sunspots below the surface, measured the acceleration of the solar wind, discovered coronal waves and solar tornadoes, found more than 1,000 comets, and revolutionized our ability to forecast space weather. Recently, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the most advanced spacecraft yet designed to study the sun, has returned never-before-seen details of material streaming outward and away from sunspots, as well as extreme close-ups of activity on the sun's surface and the first high-resolution measurements of solar flares in a broad range of extreme ultraviolet wavelengths.

There are other missions planned to observe the sun in the next few years. The European Space Agency's Solar Orbiter will launch in 2018, and by 2021 will be in operational orbit around the sun. Its closest approach to the sun will be 26 million miles (43 million km) β€” about 25 percent closer than Mercury. Solar Orbiter will look at particles, plasma and other items in an environment relatively close to the sun, before these things are modified by being transported across the solar system. The goal is to better understand the solar surface and the solar wind.

The Parker Solar Probe will launch in 2018 to make an extremely close approach to the sun, getting as near as 4 million miles (6.5 million km). The spacecraft will look at the corona β€” the superheated outer atmosphere of the sun β€” to learn more about how energy flows through the sun, the structure of the solar wind, and how energetic particles are accelerated and transported.

Buffalo NY here, we have Almost Winter, Winter, Still Winter, and Construction

quit fucking with your phone while driving

Highway to Hell

gotta keep that instagram lit πŸ”₯ πŸ”₯ πŸ”₯

"Everything is on fire. Probably gonna die. I wan- HOLY SHIT, what did that bitch Janet JUST post on Facebook!?!?"

I believe it.

Sorry Satan, I have to get to my 9-5 job and then go back home and cry myself to sleep."

I love waze after getting my first speeding ticket I downloaded it to get a better understanding of where cops are in the city and I’ve been speeding without consequence ever since.

California is big and arid. It's pretty much always on fire somewhere.

False, you can't go above 25 MPH anywhere in L.A.

At least you didn't drive into a lake following the GPS's directions.

That, and diarrhea at the same time.

Holy whiskers you go sisters

DWIGHT YOU IGNORANT SLUT

Wait, is California seriously still on fire?

Subject: Fire.

Dear Sir/Madam, I am writing to inform you of a fire that has broken out on the premises of the 405... no, that's too formal.

And Katy Perry covers of Pink songs on the radio - continuous loop.

Pretty sure he’s quoting Revelations 4 : 5.

bitch you live in LA you should have no trouble getting tacos, i dont believe a senario where you live in LA and tacos influence your decision, when you can get them down the street, any street. Boooo this joke BOOOOOOO

EDIT: https://imgur.com/a/zJ18x

Sorry Satan, no need to take me. I'm already in hell everyday.

The 405 at 405 degrees.

wtf is the sun

I’m thankful every day of my life I don’t live in Los Angeles.

then reroutes you making you an hour late for work by trying to send you right into the fire on the streets meeting road blocks at every turn.

Nope. Just shows a white bar with red stripes along the blocked 405 stretch,

Can confirm, have lived in The Valley my entire life. Triple digit summers are the norm.

Not with that attitude

You might get really sweaty but if there's something covering your legs you'll feel less of a "burning" sensation than if your skin is in direct sunlight.

They need to text 911 though.

Calm down Satan.

Me: "Hm, the 405 is on fire right now, maybe I should stay home..."

Also Me: "There's gonna be a taco truck at work today..."

Photographer died!!! 🀣🀣🀣

That's the 405 freeway this morning one of the busiest thoroughfares into the city. It is closed now on both sides creating one of the most epic traffic jams of all time.

How fitting.

"5 From the throne Getty came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne Getty were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God"

literally died to take this pick so drop me a mf like πŸ‘πŸΌπŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚

I feel like at least one local radio station doing commuter updates should play this as the lead in or fade out.

really happened in the dog days of summer to mid fall then stayed relatively not burning until summer comes round again.

... that period of time covers like 11 months of our season cycle...

FIRE! FIRE! HELP ME! Looking forward to hearing from you. Yours Truely,

Actually seems to be moving a little faster than normal...

I knew it. Getty images is up to no good.

"You are? Good, cause I'm staying home; there's a fucking fire."

-Also, your boss.

I've been stuck on a freeway with a massive fire on either side.. because idiots in LA needed to slow down and snap photos.

The part of the freeway you'd want to drive through fast as fuck.. people just stop and start snapping photos and staring at the fire.

It's fucking insane and it makes me want to buy a Hummer so I can just plow through them next time.

β€œStill coming into work today, right?”

Your boss

I was in LA and i noticed people in The Valley wearing jeans on a 115 degree day. My only question is why?

Driver: This is fine. I'm okay with this. Traffic's moving.

Though honestly "behind a petrochemical tanker driving through a wildfire" would not be the lane I'd choose to drive in.

sir please pull over next to this raging inferno.

If this meme doesn't belong here, I don't know what does.. https://imgur.com/a/1iLHk

Texting drivers are the fucking worst. I'd like for cops to enforce than rather than 10 over

*Not without altitude

Just a typical day on the 405

Stock answer.

No, Jesus drives an Accord.

β€œFor I did not speak of my own accord” - John 12:49.

theyre just adding the blazing inferno to waze its fine

"Sir communications are back online. Everything is on fire!"

"Sir, London Bridge is falling down!"

"Falling down!?"

"Falling down!"

"London Bridge is falling down... My fair lady, what should we do?"

Same thing in Canada, except this year they decided to merge construction season into almost winter season.

, except this year they decided to merge construction season into almost winter season.

Unless that phone is putting out the fires, stop texting while driving.

SMASH THAT MOTHERFUCKING LIKE-BUTTON!!!!!!

As a Bostonian and a pyro, I will say.... Yours look a lot better at night than ours

"And on the fifth day, Jesus drove his Civic down the traffic-less 405."

http://whereiscaliforniaonfire.com/

Fair enough. I kind of assumed it only really happened in the dog days of summer to mid fall then stayed relatively not burning until summer comes round again.

I hope to one day live this dream too.

You know nothing of new England. We have 2 seasons winter and summer. It's either cold as fuck or wickedly hot. Then we have 2 days that are just right one day in between each season.

waze has gotten ridiculous. i work in greater LA county and roughly 15 miles from my home, which takes roughly 40~ minutes to get to in regular freeway traffic. waze decides that it's better for me to zigzag through a bunch of random local streets, many of which without clearly visible signage, just to save me 2 minutes instead of going by freeway.

my favorite is when i first moved into my house and wasn't too familiar with the surroundings, but really wanted some egg mcmuffins one saturday morning. waze gave my bf a 16-turn direction through the neighborhoods to mickey Ds. we later found out that it's literally just a right, then left turn from my house.

THERE IS NO ROAD THERE

"When I die I know I'm going to Heaven, because I've lived my life in Hell." - Someone (too lazy to look it up)

I will never not upvote this reference

Meanwhile, I've been chipping ice in Minnesota for 2 days straight now.

I find that's about all waze is good for. It sucks at actual directions and seems to always take me on routes that are shorter in distance but often have ridiculous signs or rules or virtually impassable intersections. It can't figure out that just because a route is clear of traffic that doesn't mean it's a good route.

Just play it back to back all day long to mess with people skipping stations or just tuning in.

In a honda civic

seriously, pretty sure our summer ended last week, and will pick up again on new year's day

Maybe rub yourself with some butter and salt.

I used google maps in downtown LA, it told me to make a left on a street so I did, turned out there were no left turns between like noon and 9pm, police just sitting there pulling over every car that made a left (including me). Got ticketed, and I learned not to blindly trust maps, plus that I don't want to drive in LA anymore with those shitty rules.

Absolutely you would feel the heat probably even through the windows.

Good bot

And special guest vocalist, Yoko Ono.

The Santa Ana winds have kicked up something fierce in Southern California... on Monday there were 70mph gusts that started another series of fires.

My windows are shaking here in Orange County... trash cans rolling down the street and trees bent half sideways.

Add Los Angeles Is Burning by Bad Religion also and you're on to something.

Went to Edinburgh, UK recently. A guide told me "Summer? It's our favorite day of the year!"

wickedly

Confirmed New Englander

That's what happens when you trust technology, Ryan.